Brief Introduction of Genghis Khan`s Mausoleum
The Mausoleum,which symbolizing Genghis Khan lies in the Gander Oboo in Yijin Horo Banner of Ordos City in 109.40E, 39.23S at an altitude of 1350m. The Mausoleum takes 10 square kilometers and controls eighty square kilometers, where the beautiful prairie and mysterious scenic spots give a great view to the Mausoleum making a famous spot of Mongolian history and culture and prairie tourist spot. In 1982, The Genghis Khan Mausoleum was authorized by the State Department as the second key historical sites , then it is also one of the 40 bests of Chinese places of interests, one of 100 adolescents’ patriotism education bases and AAAA level scenic spots. The spectacular Genghis Khan sacrifice ceremony was ranked in the first national immaterial culture heritage catalogue in 2006, the Black Sulde ( God of war) sacrifice was ranked in Inner Mongolia immaterial culture heritage catalogue in 2007.
The Genghis Khan Mausoleum was built in 1227, and its antitype is the Eight White Palaces(or Houses) In 1953,the PRC government approved the application from Inner Mongolia autonomous region for building Genghis Khan Mausoleum and funded 800 thousand Yuan for the project. Thanks to the assistance of the Party and government,The Mongolian style Mausoleum rose on the Ordos Plateau in 1956.With Continuesly enlarging and remedy the Genghis Khan Mausoleum became a famous spot of history and culture showing the majestic appearance.
The main parts of Mausoleum are three Mongolian style magnificent palaces standing between blue sky and green grass, the Mausoleum composed of the marble Altar (God of War), House plate, ninety-nine lucky stairs, bronze sculpture of the Khan, tablet recording his history, exibition of sacrificing culture, the Gandeer Oboo tO memorize the Khan ,which is the symbol of the long-life sky, and the palace worshipping his fourth son and his wife.
The fantastic main palace shaped as a flying eagle, symbolizing the Genghis Khan's spirits of fearlessness and forth going, makes monarchal feeling on the vast prairie.
The main palace composed of six parts is 24.18meter in height, and the area is 2000 square meter.
There is a shining board with the golden letters of "The Mausoleum of Genghis Khan" written by Wulanhu in 1985, who is the former vise chairman is hanging in the middle of the main palace.
In the palace ,worshipping the Eight white palaces.The palace of Khan and his wives, of arrow and bow,of milk barral,of saddle and rein, of the holy horse and the palace of Genghis Khan golden family`s sacrifice documentof golden family`s .His two brothers and his fourth son are worshipped in other palaces as well.
The wall paintings in the palace artistically re-display Genghis Kan`s great achievements and the up and down history of Mongolians. The blue cloud paintings, red doors and windows, white walls, golden ceiling and green grass compose a picture showing the five lucky colors of the Hada presented to Genghis Khan and the Hemer of Ordos Mongolians.
The five -color is symbol of the various ethnic groups commanded under Genhis Khan and they stand for the sky, the sun and fire, milk for purity, earth, and prairie seperately,which embodies the Mongolian`s idea of nature worship with national characters .The architectural style of the Mausoleum not only maintain the features of Mongoilan house and the Eight White Palaces but also combine with the style of other nations, become a typicle modern building of Mongolian.
Green trees and grass connected with the beautiful and prosperous Bayinchang prairie, create a special view of natural scenic and human landscape,which cover the Mausoleum. The rich connotation of history and culture of the Mausoleum tells the rises and falls of Mongolians and Genghis Khan`s great spirits.
The antitype of the Mausoleum was the highest God – the Eight White Palaces worshipped by the whole Mongolians.The Mausoleum has been guarded by Darhuud people for more then eight hundred years.Not only did these people guard the worshiped the Eight White Houses – the antitype of Genghis Khan`s Mausoleum, but they also reserved perfectly the sacrificing and worshiping ceremoinal culture of the royal palace of the Mongolian Empire in the 13 century. They are unique in their forms, grand in their scale,which also express the antiquated and mysterious Mongolian ancient culture.